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【六届通译杯】初赛笔试试题与参考答案!

发布时间: 2016-12-19  阅览:

第六届“通译杯”四川省翻译大赛  初赛笔试试题、参考答案与采分点

2016 Interpretation Contest Preliminary Test
(英语类专业组)

试题时间分配:共100分钟。看题5分钟,第1-2部分听辨15分钟,第3部分总结题25分钟,第4部分笔译55分钟。

音频说明:第一部分填空题时长2分钟,播放两遍;第二部分选择题时长5分钟,播放一遍;第三部分总结题题时长2分钟,播放两遍。

填空题音频:

选择题音频:

总结题音频:


Part I

Listen to the following passage and then fill in blanks. There are 5 blanks in this part of the test, with 2 points each. You will hear the passage only once. At the end of the recording, you will have 2 minutes to finish this part. You will hear the passage twice.

We know global warming is bad: The temperature of the air on the Earth’s surface is projected to increase at a rate more (1)         than any temperature change that has taken place in the last ten thousand years.
Since species have adapted to climate change in the past, why can’t they simply adapt to these changes?
Thanks to (2)         changes due to agriculture and (3)         and pollution, many species are already weakened to begin with. Plus, in the past, climate change has happened slowly enough that many species had enough time to (4)         the locations where they grow and reproduce. But the current projected rate of surface temperature change would (5)         for plants to move at a rate of 3.5 miles per year. (The fastest plant species only migrate at the rate of 1.3 miles a year.)
Though they’re not quite as rooted, animals cannot just pick up and move to more inclement environs if their (6)         can’t move with them. And it doesn’t help that all of the different ways we use land means that the Earth is pretty much a mosaic of different ecosystems rather than larger, contiguous (7)        .
So even if a species is able to (8)         quickly enough, it has nowhere to go and nothing to eat. The Earth’s species simply don’t have enough time and (9)         to adapt to such rapid climate change, and that’s why many aren’t expected to (10)         if global warming continues at its currently projected rate.

Part II
Listen to the following short statements, and choose one of the answers that best fits the meaning of each statement. There are 5 questions in this part of test, each with 1 question, which carries 2 points. You will hear the passage only once.

1. Which of the following is not the reason why stem cells can be used in 3-D printing technology?
A. Stem cells can develop into many different kinds of cells in the body
B. Stem cell could grow into tissue
C. They can also repair damaged tissues and organs
D. Induced pluripotent stem cells (IPS), are used to replace tissues lost to disease or injury.

2. Which of the following is not the materials being used in 3-D printing technology?
A. Files in computer
B. Plastic
C. Metal
D. Special ink

3. Which of the following is true according to the text?
A. Nano dimension tested that the process of making one layer at a time until the objects reach full form is fast
B. Every layer of tissue within an organ, or skin, or any part of the body, has just a mixture of cells
C. The companies have produced fully functional human tissue for medical use
D. The technology of 3-D printing stem cells has only been proved in concept.

4. The two companies, Nano Dimension and Accellta, are cooperating in the field of?
A. Resembling tissue
B. Patent application
C. How to print fast
D. Liver disease

5. Which of the following cannot be inferred from what William Wagner said about the 3-D printing?
A. 3-D technology will be very useful.
B. It can help you to do a thousand experiments in parallel
C. Production of complex human tissues, such as full organs, has been happened already
D. 3-D printing would likely be more successful in producing simpler tissues like skin or muscle

Part III
Summary: Listen to the following passage. Write a short Chinese summary of around 150 words of what you have heard. This part of the test carries 30 points. You will hear the passage twice. At the end of the recording, you will have 20 minutes to finish this part. You may need to scribble a few notes in order to write your summary satisfactorily.


Part IV
Translation:Please translate the following Chinese into English. This part of test carries 50 points. You will have 50 minutes to finish this part.

展望未来十年,中国将成为全球共同发展的贡献者。中国的发展得益于世界,也有力促进了全球经济的发展。国际金融危机爆发以来,中国在世界经济最困难的时刻承担了拉动增长的重任。未来,中国将继续全面对外开放,将进一步深度融入世界经济,将继续是世界经济重要动力源。我们将推进“一带一路”建设,打造世界上跨度最大、覆盖面最广的新兴经济带,成为世界经济新的增长点。这些都将为全球共同发展创造更多机遇、带来更多福祉。
展望未来十年,中国将成为世界和平稳定的建设者。走和平发展道路是中国根据时代潮流和本国根本利益作出的战略选择。中国将积极倡导共同、综合、合作、可持续的安全观,坚持以和平方式解决国际和地区热点问题,永远不称霸,永远不搞扩张。我们将坚持与邻为善、以邻为伴,创新安全理念,致力于与亚洲国家团结合作,共同维护本地区来之不易的和平稳定局面。中国愿与地区国家一道,努力将南海建设成和平、友好、合作之海。


【参考答案及采分点】
2016 Interpretation Contest
Preliminary Test专业组答案

Part I
Listen to the following passage and then fill in blanks. There are 10 blanks in this part of the test, with 1 point each. You will hear the passage only once. At the end of the recording, you will have 2 minutes to finish this part. You will hear the passage twice.
每空1分,共计10分。
1 rapid 6 Food source
2 ecosystem 7 Habitats (少了s得0.5分)
3 deforestation 8 migrate
4 Shift 9 resources (少了s得0.5分)
5 require 10 survive

Part II
Listen to the following short statements, and choose one of the answers that best fits the meaning of each statement. There are 5 questions in this part of test, each with 1 question, which carries 2 points. You will hear the statement only once.
每空2分,共计10分。
1 D 2 A
3 D 4 B
5 C
Part III
Summary: Listen to the following passage. Write a short Chinese summary of around 150 words of what you have heard. This part of the test carries 30 points. You will hear the passage twice. At the end of the recording, you will have 20 minutes to finish this part. You may need to scribble a few notes in order to write your summary satisfactorily.
共计30分。
评分细则:复述原文大意或意思相近都可得分。其他情况酌情给分,若用英文写酌情给分。
每天洗澡也会给人体健康带来坏处,科学家发现淋浴头中藏有有害细菌。(5分)
在测试了50多个不同的喷头之后,科学家们发现这些喷头中的细菌能够对人体的肺造成损害,(6)
尤其是打开喷头流出的第一股水的危害最大,喷头会想喷雾剂那样将细菌喷出,之后被吸入人体肺部。(9分)
而一般这些细菌都隐藏在喷头内部,所以很难清洗。(5分)
研究人员还测试了存在于公共环境的微生物,如学校、家庭和公共建筑中等。(5分)
Part IV
Translation:Please translate the following Chinese into English. This part of test carries 50 points. You will have 50 minutes to finish this part.
共计50分。
评分细则:答案仅供参考,无语法错误,表达得体可得分。其他情况酌情给分。
展望未来十年,中国将成为全球共同发展的贡献者。中国的发展得益于世界,也有力促进了全球经济的发展。国际金融危机爆发以来,中国在世界经济最困难的时刻承担了拉动增长的重任。未来,中国将继续全面对外开放,将进一步深度融入世界经济,将继续是世界经济重要动力源。我们将推进“一带一路”建设,打造世界上跨度最大、覆盖面最广的新兴经济带,成为世界经济新的增长点。这些都将为全球共同发展创造更多机遇、带来更多福祉。
展望未来十年,中国将成为世界和平稳定的建设者。走和平发展道路是中国根据时代潮流和本国根本利益作出的战略选择。中国将积极倡导共同、综合、合作、可持续的安全观,坚持以和平方式解决国际和地区热点问题,永远不称霸,永远不搞扩张。我们将坚持与邻为善、以邻为伴,创新安全理念,致力于与亚洲国家团结合作,共同维护本地区来之不易的和平稳定局面。中国愿与地区国家一道,努力将南海建设成和平、友好、合作之海。
The next decade will see China making a greater contribution to the common development of the world. (2分)
China's development has benefited much from the world and so has the world economy from China's growth. (3分)
Since the global financial crisis, China has taken upon itself to drive the world economy when growth was needed most. (4分)
In the coming years, China will continue to be the powerhouse for global growth as it adheres to all-round opening up and integrates itself more deeply into the world economy. (6分)
We will promote the 'Belt and Road' Initiative to be a massive economic belt which is unprecedented in its span and coverage. (6分)
It will become a new source of global growth and will create more opportunities and benefits for the common development of the world. (5分)

The next decade will see China committing greater efforts to build world peace and stability.(2分)
China follows the path of peaceful development. (2分)
This is a strategic choice that China has made based on the trend of the times and its fundamental national interests. (5分)
In line with this strategy, China advocates common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security, and sticks to peaceful means for resolving international and regional hotspot issues. (7分)
Hegemony or expansion has never been an option. (3分)
Instead, China values friendship and partnership with its neighbours, and seeks to safeguard the hard-won regional peace and stability through unity and cooperation among Asian countries. (3分)
In the South China Sea, for example, China is ready to work with the countries in the region to make sure it will be a sea of peace, friendship and cooperation. (2分)

 


2016 Interpretation Contest Preliminary Test
(非英语类专业组)

试题时间分配:共100分钟。看题5分钟,第1-2部分听辨15分钟,第3部分总结题25分钟,第4部分笔译55分钟。

音频说明:第一部分填空题时长2分钟,播放两遍;第二部分选择题时长5分钟,播放一遍;第三部分总结题题时长2分钟,播放两遍。

填空题音频:

选择题音频:

总结题音频:

Part I
Listen to the following passage and then fill in blanks. There are 5 blanks in this part of the test, with 2 points each. You will hear the passage only once. At the end of the recording, you will have 2 minutes to finish this part. You will hear the passage twice.

Since this is your first year in college here, I'd like to give you some advice on (1)         your time.  First of all, most of you are full-time students who have to take at least three courses each semester.  You'll have many (2)          during the semester, including readings to be done every day, summary papers and oral reports that may need to be presented in class, and reports that need to be written.  At the end of each semester, you may have finals and term papers due all in the same week. All of this can cause a lot of (3)         , especially if you are not used to this system.

One of the effective ways of getting more work done under stress is to make a 'To Do' list every day.  Keep it handy, and use it as a (4)          to help you as you go through the day.  Here is how you do it: Get a special notebook that you use just for time management.  Use one piece of paper at a time.  Put the heading 'To Do' on the top of the paper for the day, then list those items you need to work on.  As you (5)           an item, cross it off, but keep adding items as they (6)          to you.  You can write down as many items as you wish, but the important thing is to set priorities and work on the items according to their (7)          and their importance.  Do the most urgent or important items first, one at a time, and concentrate on what you are doing.  Finish one item before you go on to the next.  Don't worry about the
(8)             things on the list.  You can't do it all at once.  By setting priorities, and doing things in order of priority, you'll save time that you might otherwise have spent on unimportant things, leaving the important things undone.

I hope you'll get started with your 'To Do' list at once.  And I hope you'll adjust to this new study environment quickly.  If you find yourself (9)           with work, please come in and see me.  I' m here to help you.  I have office hours available to students from one to four every afternoon in the (10)           Building.

Part II
Listen to the following short statements, and choose one of the answers that best fits the meaning of each statement. There are 5 questions in this part of test, each with 1 question, which carries 2 points. You will hear the statement only once.

1. What is the good news the text is trying to tell readers?
A. You can have three or five cups of coffee each day.
B. For those who don’t like caffeinated coffee, now you can choose decaffeinated coffee or decaf to drink.
C. Drinking coffee is good for your health.
D. Coffee can protect all the disease if you drink three or five cups every day.

2. How many subjects involved in this large study?
A. 20,000
B. 200,000
C. 2,000
D. 300,000

3. The study shows that drinking coffee can prevent risk of death of certain diseases, not include,
A. Heart disease
B. Cardiovascular disease
C. Cancer
D. Type 2 diabetes

4. Which of the following can be inferred from the text?
A. Only decaffeinated coffee is good to people’s health.
B. Actually, drinking coffee too late in the evening does no harm to your sleep.
C. The recent Harvard study has been proven by everyone yet.
D. There is a cause and effect link between drinking coffee and living longer

5. What Willett is trying to tell readers in the text?
A. Even if you like coffee, you should not drink too much one day.
B. If you like coffee, you may feel guilty about drinking it in moderation.
C. If you don’t like coffee, you can start drinking it because it will help you to be healthier.
D. There is no necessary to force yourself drinking coffee if you don’t like it.

Part III
Summary: Listen to the following passage. Write a short Chinese summary of around 150 words of what you have heard. This part of the test carries 30 points. You will hear the passage twice. At the end of the recording, you will have 20 minutes to finish this part. You may need to scribble a few notes in order to write your summary satisfactorily.


Part IV
Translation:Please translate the following Chinese into English. This part of test carries 50 points. You will have 40 minutes to finish this part.

大学并不能为你毕业后的人生做好万全准备。四年来你赖以为生的食物、朋友、体系一下子离你而去。你被推到一个新世界,要迎接挑战,学会独立生活。毕业生需要努力克服的困难可不少。找工作、找住处、付各种开支……这些只是他们不得不接受并解决的经济困难中的一小部分。在社交方面,毕业生通常需要建立新的人脉网,结交朋友,认识熟人。这比在学校的时候要难得多,那个时候,你只要在宿舍走廊里走一遭,就能撞见几个朋友。
尽管“后校园时代”必然有种种艰辛,但很多实用的应对方式会使这样的过渡变得简单轻松。你刚刚20出头,正是去冒险、去尝试新鲜事物、去发现激情的时候。不要太过担心没有一个具体的计划,现在正是你多做尝试、发现你真正才能和兴趣的时候。尽管赶快挣钱看上去很重要,但你刚刚20多岁,是探索各种职业道路、规划未来路径的最佳时机。同时,友好待人是结识新朋友的最佳方法。可以关心同事和身边人的生活,建立新的人际关系。

【参考答案与采分点】
2016 Interpretation Contest
Preliminary Test非专业组答案
Part I
Listen to the following passage and then fill in blanks. There are 10 blanks in this part of the test, with 1 point each. You will hear the passage only once. At the end of the recording, you will have 2 minutes to finish this part. You will hear the passage twice.
每空1分,共计10分。(注:第2空若写成assignment,得0.5分,第10空若写administration得0.5分)
1 managing 6 occur
2 assignments 7 urgency
3 stress 8 unaccomplished
4 guide 9 overwhelmed
5 complete 10 Administration

Part II
Listen to the following short statements, and choose one of the answers that best fits the meaning of each statement. There are 5 questions in this part of test, each with 1 question, which carries 2 points. You will hear the statement only once.
每空2分,共计10分。
1 C 2 B
3 C 4 C
5 D

Part III
Summary: Listen to the following passage. Write a short Chinese summary of around 150 words of what you have heard. This part of the test carries 30 points. You will hear the passage twice. At the end of the recording, you will have 20 minutes to finish this part. You may need to scribble a few notes in order to write your summary satisfactorily.
共计30分。
评分细则:复述原文大意或意思相近都可得分。其他情况酌情给分,若用英文写酌情给分。
在巴黎两家高档餐厅工作的前工作人员说,餐厅会按照客人的长相给他们安排座位。(5分)
餐厅的座次政策为:长得好看的客人会被带到比较好的位置,而长相平平的客户则会被带到角落里的座位。(6分)
甚至餐厅在招聘服务员的时候,也会根据长相招聘。(5分)
这样做的原因是餐厅老板希望保证餐厅的良好形象。(5分)
如果老板看见长相平平的人坐在好座位上,他还会告诉服务生给客人调换座位。(3分)
由于座位政策,服务生也不能给电话预定餐位的顾客保证可以做到好座位,因为他们在电话里无法判断客人长相。(6分)

 

Part IV
Translation:Please translate the following Chinese into English. This part of test carries 50 points. You will have 50 minutes to finish this part.
共计50分。
评分细则:答案仅供参考,无语法错误,表达得体可得分。其他情况酌情给分。
大学并不能为你毕业后的人生做好万全准备。四年来你赖以为生的食物、朋友、体系一下子离你而去。你被推到一个新世界,要迎接挑战,学会独立生活。毕业生需要努力克服的困难可不少。找工作、找住处、付各种开支……这些只是他们不得不接受并解决的经济困难中的一小部分。在社交方面,毕业生通常需要建立新的人脉网,结交朋友,认识熟人。这比在学校的时候要难得多,那个时候,你只要在宿舍走廊里走一遭,就能撞见几个朋友。
尽管“后校园时代”必然有种种艰辛,但很多实用的应对方式会使这样的过渡变得简单轻松。你刚刚20出头,正是去冒险、去尝试新鲜事物、去发现激情的时候。不要太过担心没有一个具体的计划,现在正是你多做尝试、发现你真正才能和兴趣的时候。尽管赶快挣钱看上去很重要,但你刚刚20多岁,是探索各种职业道路、规划未来路径的最佳时机。同时,友好待人是结识新朋友的最佳方法。可以关心同事和身边人的生活,建立新的人际关系。

College doesn't always prepare you for life after graduation. (2分)
The food, friends, and structure that you had relied on for four years are all immediately taken away from you. (4分)
You are forced into the world and tasked with the challenge of figuring out how to live on your own. (5分)
There are many struggles for graduates.(2分)
Finding a job, finding a place to live, and figuring out how to pay the bills are just a few of the economic difficulties that you are forced to embrace and figure out. (6分)
On a social level, graduates often need to establish a new network of friends and acquaintances.(4分)
This is much more difficult than it was during the days when you could walk down your dorm hall and bump into a few friends. (4分)

While post-college life can certainly have its struggles, there are many useful strategies to help make this transition as easy and painless as possible. (4分)
Your early twenties are a time to take risks, try new things, and discover your passions.
(3分)
Don't worry so much about having a concrete plan, as now is the time when you can experiment and find your true skills and interests. (5分)
While making money immediately might seem important, your early twenties are one of the best times for exploring different career paths and planning out a roadmap for your future.
(6分)
It's often good to remember that being friendly is the best way to meet new people. (2分)
Take interest in the lives of your coworkers and people around you, and be willing to make new connections. (3分)

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